For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is … Jacob and Esau were born both of the same mother, and she a free woman, and at the same time.— κοίτην) so LXX. No man or woman is always nice. "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". It is only the semblance of an objection against our view, that not Sarah, but Abraham, received the word of promise, Romans 9:9; for Sarah was, by the nature of the case, and also according to the representation of Genesis, the co-recipient of the promise, and was mixed up in the conversation of God with Abraham in reference to it (Genesis 18:13-15); so that Paul, without incurring the charge of contradicting history, might have no scruple in stating the contrast as between the mothers, as he has done. And though the preference which God gave to Jacob was literally true, as to temporal benefits; yet St. Augustine observes in divers places, that Jacob was a figure of the elect or predestinate, and Esau of the reprobate; and that as Jacob and his posterity was more favoured, purely by the mercy of God, without any merits on their side; so are God's elect, whom he has called, and to whom, according to his eternal purpose, he decreed to give eternal glory, and special graces to bring them thither. And not only this - A Jew might object: "Ishmael was rejected, not by the sovereign will of God, but because he was the son of the handmaid, or bond-woman, and therefore unworthy to be the peculiar seed; but observe, this was not the only limitation of the seed of Abraham with regard to inheriting the promise, for when Rebecca was with child by that one person of Abraham's issue to whom the promise was made, namely, our father Isaac, she went to inquire of the Lord, Genesis 25:22, Genesis 25:23; : And the Lord said unto her, Two nations are in thy womb, and two manner of People shall be separated from thy bowels; and the one People shall be stronger than the other People; and the elder shall serve the younger. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/romans-9.html. "Commentary on Romans 9:10". Romans 9:10. οὐ μόνον δὲ, and not only so) That is: it is wonderful, what I have said; what follows is still more wonderful. Andnot only this; but when Rebecca also had conceived by one, even by our father Isaac; Not only in the case of Isaac was the election limited to him as the son of promise, but also in a still more remarkable instance was this truth indicated in the case of the two sons of Isaac. Commentators on both sides seem to us to have overlooked the fact that the him that willeth and him that runneth signify not the suppliant or candidate before Jehovah for his mercy, but an intermediate third person (like Moses) between Jehovah and the suppliant. First 30-days on us! 9 If you declare with your mouth, “Jesus is Lord,” and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved. 1897. Learn, 4, and observe, That the apostle doth not say, That before the children had done either good or evil, God said, Jacob have I loved, and Esau have I hated: but only the elder shall serve the younger. Paul moved from the first illustration of Isaac and Ishmael (vv. Copyright StatementThe Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. And not only this. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/romans-9.html. ἡμ.] Schol. "Commentary on Romans 9:10". These questions do not affect the sense of the passage. The contextual importance of this addition does not consist in its denying that there was a breach of conjugal fidelity, but in its making palpably apparent the invalidity—for the history of salvation—of bodily descent. If Esau had been made the patriarch instead of Jacob, Israel would never have continued long enough to deliver the Messiah to mankind; but the overruling providence of the all-wise God interposed to prevent such a thing from taking place. Some might object that Ishmael was not a true Jew. Commentary on Romans by John Calvin. Observe, 5. And not only so; but Rebecca also having conceived by one, even our father Isaac - for the, children being not yet born, neither having done anything good or bad that the purpose of God according to the election might stand, not of works, but of him that calleth, it was said unto her, The elder shall serve the younger. "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". BibliographyBeza, Theodore. He does so by showing that there has always been a distinction, among the descendants of the patriarchs, between those who have merely the natural connection to boast of, and those who are the Israel of God; and, as against Jewish pretensions, he shows at the same time that this distinction can be traced to nothing but God’s sovereignty. Schmid, Cramer, Rosenmüller, and several others; comp. But Rebecca also. God's sovereign act of choice between Rebekah's twins took place before their birth; but God's decision was absolutely not capricious. "So the Jewish objectors can"t claim illegitimacy here. And the result is that we too have a new life (Romans 6:4). Bible Verse; Newest; Oldest; Most Viewed; Most Shared; Message. (Challoner) --- Nor had done any good or evil. Moses willed, and Moses eagerly ran to Jehovah, to induce him to waver. In Romans 9 Paul reminds us of an interesting condition. Comp. They try to do good works, be nice people, or keep commandments in order to gain God’s pleasure. Paul now shows that God has the right to reject any nation, including the Jews, and to choose other people, if it suits his purpose. New International Version (NIV) Bible Book List. A preacher might get at this very challenging text from one of two directions. Commentary on Romans 9:10-33. BibliographySchaff, Philip. But it did and so Christ was raised from the dead demonstrating His perfect sacrifice. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. The Expositor's Greek Testament. But of him that called — Of his own good pleasure who called to that privilege whom he saw good. A fresh and still more decisive proof (for it might be objected that, of Abraham’s children, Sarah’s son only was legitimate) that only the divine disposal constituted the succession to Abraham which was true and valid in the sight of God. BibliographyCoffman, James Burton. 10.And not only so, but Rebecca also received a message, when she conceived by the first, (i.e., son or seed,) even our father Isaac: 11.for they being not yet born, and having not done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not, 12.through works, but through him who calls, it was said to her, “The elder shall serve the younger.”. "Commentary on Romans 9:10". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/romans-9.html. Learn, 3. Part of the reason we know this is because Paul does not refer to salvation again until Romans 5:9-10. On the principle that an ellipsis should, if possible, be supplied from the immediate context, winner, Meyer, and others, supply the ellipsis thus: ‘Not only did Sarah receive a promise of a son, but Rebecca also.' Med. Despite that, the election had to begin with individuals. 1887. 10. οὐ μόνον δέ, κ.τ.λ. This harmonizes with Genesis 25:23, where the "manner of people" looms as God's great consideration. 1878. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/romans-9.html. Amplified® Darby I.S.V. BibliographyWhedon, Daniel. Romans 5:11, Romans 8:23 = Not only is this so, but a more striking and convincing illustration can be given. Romans 10:9-10 . However, not every person born to Israel belongs to Israel, he writes. As Isaiah predicted (16) 2. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wbc/romans-9.html. It will maintain the invariable laws of a just free-agency. Book of Romans Romans chapter 1 Romans chapter 2 Romans chapter 3 Romans chapter 4 Romans chapter 5 Romans chapter 6 Romans chapter 7 Romans chapter 8 Romans chapter 9 Romans chapter 10 Romans chapter 11 Romans chapter 12 Romans chapter 13 Romans chapter 14 Romans chapter 15 Romans chapter 16. 10 And not only this; but when Rebecca also had conceived by one, even by our father Isaac; 11 (For the children being not yet born, neither having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works, but of him that calleth;) 12 It was said unto her, The elder shall serve the younger. And the result is that we too have a new life (Romans 6:4). Our apostle having in the foregoing verses proved, from what was done in Abraham's family, that it was the purpose and pleasure of God to account only those for Abraham's seed who were the children of his faith, and to reject the rest for their unbelief; in these verses he prosecutes the same argument, by insisting upon another special dispensation of God in the family of Isaac, whose wife Rebecca had twins, namely Jacob and Esau, and had neither of them anything in them to move God to love the one and dislike the other: yet a preference was given to the one before the other. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hdg/romans-9.html. Simon (Peter) has described to us how God at first showed his concern by taking from the Gentiles a people for himself. See Schleusner, Thes. If his sacrifice on the cross wasn't enough to cover your sin, then he would still be dead showing that this didn't work. "Commentary on Romans 9:10". 1. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/romans-9.html. These words introduce a second proof from history, namely, the case of Rebecca and her two sons, one of whom was chosen. Hatred here may be taken two ways, either. That the purpose of God according to election might stand — Whose purpose was, to elect or choose the promised seed. God's election was a factor in it; but that factor entered into the determination as a consequence of other factors. College Press, Joplin, MO. Learn hence, 1. ἐξ ἑνός] masculine, without anything being supplied; for ἰς. Broadman Press 1932,33. On which note, 1. 154; not Anacr. Romans 9:10. by Grant | Mar 3, 2013 | Romans | 0 comments. Again, it appears that Job and all his friends were of the posterity of Esau: God did not then hate the person of all the posterity of Esau, but only those of them who by their violence and wickedness rendered themselves the object of his hatred. 1840-57. 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